Introduction To Fuzzy Logic Using Matlab

In the literature sources, we can find different kinds of justification for fuzzy systems theory. Human knowledge nowadays becomes increasingly important – we gain it from experiencing the world within which we live and use our ability to reason to create order in the mass of information (i.e., to formulate human knowledge in a systematic manner). Since we are all limited in our ability to perceive the world and to profound reasoning, we find ourselves everywhere confronted by uncertainty which is a result of lack of information (lexical impression, incompleteness), in particular, inaccuracy of measurements. The other limitation factor in our desire for precision is a natural language used for describing/sharing knowledge, communication, etc. We understand core meanings of word and are able to communicate accurately to an acceptable degree, but generally we cannot precisely agree among ourselves on the single word or terms of common sense meaning. In short, natural languages are vague.

Our perception of the real world is pervaded by concepts which do not have sharply defined boundaries – for example, many, tall, much larger than, young, etc. are true only to some degree and they are false to some degree as
well. These concepts (facts) can be called fuzzy or gray (vague) concepts – a human brain works with them, while computers may not do it (they reason with strings of 0s and 1s). Natural languages, which are much higher in level
than programming languages, are fuzzy whereas programming languages are not. The door to the development of fuzzy computers was opened in 1985 by the design of the first logic chip by Masaki Togai and Hiroyuki Watanabe
at Bell Telephone Laboratories. In the years to come fuzzy computers will employ both fuzzy hardware and fuzzy software, and they will be much closer in structure to the human brain than the present-day computers are.

The entire real world is complex; it is found that the complexity arises from uncertainty in the form of ambiguity.


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